Stanisław Lem

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Stanisław Lem è stato uno scrittore polacco, autore prolifico e brillante che coniugò il genere della fantascienza con il romanzo filosofico. Uno dei suoi romanzi più celebri è "Solaris". Nel 1972 il regista sovietico Andrej Arsen'evič Tarkovskij ne ha tratto l'omonimo film, il cui grande successo lo ha reso popolare al di fuori della sua patria. I suoi libri, alla sua scomparsa nel 2006, erano stati tradotti in almeno 41 lingue e venduto oltre 27 milioni di copie, facendone uno degli scrittori europei di fantascienza più letti al mondo.

Stanisław Lem was a Polish writer of science fiction, philosophy, and satire, and a trained physician. Lem's books have been translated into forty-one languages and have sold over forty-five million copies. From the 1950s to 2000s, he published many books, both science fiction and philosophical/futurological. He is best known as the author of the 1961 novel Solaris, which has been made into a feature film three times. In 1976, Theodore Sturgeon wrote that Lem was the most widely read science fiction writer in the world. Lem's works explore philosophical themes through speculation on technology, the nature of intelligence, the impossibility of communication with and understanding of alien intelligence, despair about human limitations, and humanity's place in the universe. They are sometimes presented as fiction, but others are in the form of essays or philosophical books. Translations of his works are difficult due to passages with elaborate word formation, alien or robotic poetry, and puns.

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