Essays on the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Volume I (W. A. Schabas, F. Lattanzi)



The adoption in Rome, on July 17, 1998, of the Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) realized a dream pursued by the international community for almost a century. Making this dream a reality was an enormous political and legal accomplishment. The heart of the problems involved in the task can be summarized in two words, full of significance: State sovereignty.

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The adop­tion in Rome, on July 17, 1998, of the Sta­tu­te of the Inter­na­tio­nal Cri­mi­nal Court (ICC) rea­li­zed a dream pur­sued by the inter­na­tio­nal com­mu­ni­ty for almo­st a cen­tu­ry. Making this dream a rea­li­ty was an enor­mous poli­ti­cal and legal accom­plish­ment. The heart of the pro­blems invol­ved in the task can be sum­ma­ri­zed in two words, full of signi­fi­can­ce: Sta­te sove­rei­gn­ty.
Unless we dwell in pure uto­pia, it must be admit­ted that in inter-Sta­te rela­tions huma­ni­ta­rian inte­rests are fil­te­red by govern­men­ts. Despi­te much com­men­ta­ry about its alle­ged ero­sion, the sove­rei­gn­ty of Sta­tes con­ti­nues to con­sti­tu­te a rea­li­ty which enjoys — for bet­ter or for wor­se — very good health. This rea­li­ty con­di­tio­ned the pro­cess of ela­bo­ra­tion and nego­tia­tion of the ICC Sta­tu­te, and is a the­me that can be found throu­ghout the 128 arti­cles of this com­plex instru­ment. In the result, howe­ver, a con­cre­te result was most defi­ni­te­ly achie­ved. Thanks are do, in no small part, to non-govern­men­tal orga­ni­za­tions, more atten­ti­ve to huma­ni­ta­rian inte­rests than the Sta­tes.
The work car­ried out at the Rome Diplo­ma­tic Con­fe­ren­ce, as well as during the ses­sions of the Pre­pa­ra­to­ry Com­mit­tee, is far from per­fect. Never­the­less, given the enor­mous obsta­cles, it may well be the most sati­sfac­to­ry result pos­si­ble in the cir­cum­stan­ces. As the Pre­si­dent of the Rome Con­fe­ren­ce, Pro­fes­sor Gio­van­ni Con­so, said on more than one occa­sion over the cour­se of the Rome nego­tia­tions, “the best is always the ene­my of the good”. And, yet, for bet­ter solu­tions the­re is still a time and a pla­ce: name­ly the “Review Con­fe­ren­ce” that, accor­ding arti­cle 123 of the Sta­tu­te, “seven years after the entry into for­ce of the Sta­tu­te the Secre­ta­ry Gene­ral of the Uni­ted Nations shall con­ve­ne […] in order to con­si­der any amend­men­ts to this Sta­tu­te”.
The pro­spect of a futu­re Review Con­fe­ren­ce con­fron­ts the aca­de­mic com­mu­ni­ty with a respon­si­bi­li­ty to con­duct an in-depth exa­mi­na­tion of the norms com­pri­sed within the Rome Sta­tu­te, the who­le with the view of making pro­po­sals aimed at modi­fi­ca­tion and impro­ve­ment. The­se essays repre­sent a mode­st con­tri­bu­tion to the pro­cess.
This col­lec­tion of essays has been made pos­si­ble by a research pro­ject fun­ded (ex 40%) by the Ita­lian Mini­stry for Uni­ver­si­ty, Scien­ti­fic Research and Tech­no­lo­gy (MURST). It has been prin­ted with the con­tri­bu­tion of the Dipar­ti­men­to di Stu­di Giu­ri­di­ci, Com­pa­ra­ti, Inter­na­zio­na­li ed Euro­pei of the Uni­ver­si­tà degli Stu­di di Tera­mo.

. Wil­liam A. Scha­bas is the Chair­man of the Irish Cen­tre for Human Rights at the Natio­nal Uni­ver­si­ty of Ire­land, Gal­way. He is also an Asso­cia­te Pro­fes­sor at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Midd­le­sex in Lon­don and a pro­fes­seur asso­cié at the Uni­ver­si­té du Qué­bec à Mon­tréal. He is a ’door tenant’ at the cham­bers of 9 Bed­ford Row, Lon­don. 

. Fla­via Lat­tan­zi is Pro­fes­sor of Inter­na­tio­nal Law, Uni­ver­si­ty Roma Tre, on second­ment at UNICTR, as ad litem jud­ge in a case befo­re the ICTR, Aru­sha, Tan­za­nia (from Octo­ber 2003). Mem­ber of the Inter­na­tio­nal Fact-Fin­ding Com­mis­sion crea­ted by Pro­to­col I addi­tio­nal to the Gene­va Con­ven­tions. Mem­ber of the Inter­na­tio­nal Insti­tu­te on Huma­ni­ta­rian Law, San Remo/Geneva and Mem­ber of its Board of Direc­tors. Mem­ber of the Socie­ra ita­lia­na di dirit­to inter­na­zio­na­le, of the Socié­té fra­nçai­se de droit inter­na­tio­nal and of the Inter­na­tio­nal Legal Asso­cia­tion.

Peso 0.91 g
Dimensioni 17 × 24 × 4 cm





XXVI-518 pp., br.

Prima edizione

31 dicembre 1999


Diritto (n. 1)


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