Essays on the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Volume II (W. A. Schabas, F. Lattanzi)



The adoption in Rome, on July 17, 1998, of the Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) realized a dream pursued by the international community for almost a century. Making this dream a reality was an enormous political and legal accomplishment. The heart of the problems involved in the task can be summarized in two words, full of significance: State sovereignty.

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The adop­tion in Rome, on July 17, 1998, of the Sta­tu­te of the Inter­na­tio­nal Cri­mi­nal Court (ICC) rea­li­zed a dream pur­sued by the inter­na­tio­nal com­mu­ni­ty for almo­st a cen­tu­ry. Making this dream a rea­li­ty was an enor­mous poli­ti­cal and legal accom­plish­ment. The heart of the pro­blems invol­ved in the task can be sum­ma­ri­zed in two words, full of signi­fi­can­ce: Sta­te sove­rei­gn­ty.
Unless we dwell in pure uto­pia, it must be admit­ted that in inter-Sta­te rela­tions huma­ni­ta­rian inte­rests are fil­te­red by govern­men­ts. Despi­te much com­men­ta­ry about its alle­ged ero­sion, the sove­rei­gn­ty of Sta­tes con­ti­nues to con­sti­tu­te a rea­li­ty which enjoys — for bet­ter or for wor­se — very good health. This rea­li­ty con­di­tio­ned the pro­cess of ela­bo­ra­tion and nego­tia­tion of the ICC Sta­tu­te, and is a the­me that can be found throu­ghout the 128 arti­cles of this com­plex instru­ment. In the result, howe­ver, a con­cre­te result was most defi­ni­te­ly achie­ved. Thanks are do, in no small part, to non-govern­men­tal orga­ni­za­tions, more atten­ti­ve to huma­ni­ta­rian inte­rests than the Sta­tes.
The work car­ried out at the Rome Diplo­ma­tic Con­fe­ren­ce, as well as during the ses­sions of the Pre­pa­ra­to­ry Com­mit­tee, is far from per­fect. Never­the­less, given the enor­mous obsta­cles, it may well be the most sati­sfac­to­ry result pos­si­ble in the cir­cum­stan­ces. As the Pre­si­dent of the Rome Con­fe­ren­ce, Pro­fes­sor Gio­van­ni Con­so, said on more than one occa­sion over the cour­se of the Rome nego­tia­tions, “the best is always the ene­my of the good”. And, yet, for bet­ter solu­tions the­re is still a time and a pla­ce: name­ly the “Review Con­fe­ren­ce” that, accor­ding arti­cle 123 of the Sta­tu­te, “seven years after the entry into for­ce of the Sta­tu­te the Secre­ta­ry Gene­ral of the Uni­ted Nations shall con­ve­ne […] in order to con­si­der any amend­men­ts to this Sta­tu­te”.
The pro­spect of a futu­re Review Con­fe­ren­ce con­fron­ts the aca­de­mic com­mu­ni­ty with a respon­si­bi­li­ty to con­duct an in-depth exa­mi­na­tion of the norms com­pri­sed within the Rome Sta­tu­te, the who­le with the view of making pro­po­sals aimed at modi­fi­ca­tion and impro­ve­ment. The­se essays repre­sent a mode­st con­tri­bu­tion to the pro­cess.
This col­lec­tion of essays has been made pos­si­ble by a research pro­ject fun­ded (ex 40%) by the Ita­lian Mini­stry for Uni­ver­si­ty, Scien­ti­fic Research and Tech­no­lo­gy (MURST). It has been prin­ted with the con­tri­bu­tion of the Dipar­ti­men­to di Stu­di Giu­ri­di­ci, Com­pa­ra­ti, Inter­na­zio­na­li ed Euro­pei of the Uni­ver­si­tà degli Stu­di di Tera­mo.

. Wil­liam A. Scha­bas is the Chair­man of the Irish Cen­tre for Human Rights at the Natio­nal Uni­ver­si­ty of Ire­land, Gal­way. He is also an Asso­cia­te Pro­fes­sor at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Midd­le­sex in Lon­don and a pro­fes­seur asso­cié at the Uni­ver­si­té du Qué­bec à Mon­tréal. He is a ’door tenant’ at the cham­bers of 9 Bed­ford Row, Lon­don. 

. Fla­via Lat­tan­zi is Pro­fes­sor of Inter­na­tio­nal Law, Uni­ver­si­ty Roma Tre, on second­ment at UNICTR, as ad litem jud­ge in a case befo­re the ICTR, Aru­sha, Tan­za­nia (from Octo­ber 2003). Mem­ber of the Inter­na­tio­nal Fact-Fin­ding Com­mis­sion crea­ted by Pro­to­col I addi­tio­nal to the Gene­va Con­ven­tions. Mem­ber of the Inter­na­tio­nal Insti­tu­te on Huma­ni­ta­rian Law, San Remo/Geneva and Mem­ber of its Board of Direc­tors. Mem­ber of the Socie­ra ita­lia­na di dirit­to inter­na­zio­na­le, of the Socié­té fra­nçai­se de droit inter­na­tio­nal and of the Inter­na­tio­nal Legal Asso­cia­tion.

Peso 0.91 g
Dimensioni 17 × 24 × 4 cm





XXVIII-340 pp., br.

Prima edizione

21 settembre 2004


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